Hyperpigmentation treatment

Crucial for skin color is the melanin content in the skin, which is genetic. To a certain degree, the pigments are also influenced by solar radiation, hormonal changes and medications.

The purpose of melanin is the coloring of the skin to protect against excessive UV- radiation. The activity of the melanocytes is controlled by the enzyme tyrosinase. For this reason, much of the skin lightening ingredient is tyrosinase inhibitory. The suppression of melanin production shows, however, only after a few weeks, because the skin needs to renew.

Hyperpigmentation treatment

• IPL (Photofacial) - Treatment with intense pulsed light, or a Photofacial, is frequently recommended by doctors to treat hyperpigmentation.

• Chemical peel - A TCA peel or deeper phenol peel are also used to treat hyperpigmentation. Great care should be taken though as pigment irregularities and needs to be done by an experienced skin specialist with close follow-up.

• Laser peel - A variety of laser resurfacing treatments may be performed to reduce hyperpigmentation. CO2 lasers and fractional lasers are popular choices for skin resurfacing.

Topical skin lightening products - Products containing skin lightening ingredients, such as hydroquinone, retinoids, kojic acid, and Vitamin C are often used to reduce hyper pigmentation.